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  • Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just your joints. In some people, the condition can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels.
    An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks your own body’s tissues.

    Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity.

    The inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis is what can damage other parts of the body as well. While new types of medications have improved treatment options dramatically, severe rheumatoid arthritis can still cause physical disabilities.

    Clinical features

    • Tender, warm, swollen joints
    • Joint stiffness that is usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity
    • Fatigue, fever and loss of appetite
    Early rheumatoid arthritis tends to affect your smaller joints first — particularly the joints that attach your fingers to your hands and your toes to your feet.

    As the disease progresses, symptoms often spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips and shoulders. In most cases, symptoms occur in the same joints on both sides of your body.

    About 40 percent of the people who have rheumatoid arthritis also experience signs and symptoms that don’t involve the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect many non joint structures, including:

    • Skin
    • Eyes
    • Lungs
    • Heart
    • Kidneys
    • Salivary glands
    • Nerve tissue
    • Bone marrow
    • Blood vessels

    Rheumatoid arthritis signs and symptoms may vary in severity and may even come and go. Periods of increased disease activity, called flares, alternate with periods of relative remission — when the swelling and pain fade or disappear. Over time, rheumatoid arthritis can cause joints to deform and shift out of place.

    DMARDs: Methotrexate ,hydroxychloroquine, leflunomide and sulfasalazine
    Biologics :
    1. Abatacept
    2. Adalimumab
    3. Anakinra
    4. Baricitinib
    5. Certolizumab
    6. Etanercept
    7. Golimumab
    8. Infliximab
    9. Rituximab
    10. Tocilizumab
    11. Tofacitinib

    • Physical/ occupational therapy